Trainings for farmers
Trainings on conventional soya cultivation in November
Two trainings on conventional soya cultivation were conducted in Balti on 27 November (24 participants) and in Edinet on 28 November (24 participants). The Moldovan farmers got an opportunity to discuss and receive answers on conventional soya cultivation from experts from Moldova, Romania and Ukraine with theoretical knowledge and extensive practical experience: Dr. Valentin Crismaru, expert/consultant (SOFAMA Association, ASM researcher), Maria Iacobuta, researcher/soya breeder (Institute for Field Crops „Selectia”), Dr. Dragos Dima, Donau Soja Agro Manager/Expert Romania, Dr. Anatol Fala, expert/ consultant from ACSA (Extension Service Provision Agency), Olga Sculea, Donau Soja Project Coordinator for Quality Management and Certification, Alexandr Tatarciuc, Manager for business development (WeTrade) and the Ukrainian colleagues from Agritema company Ihor Chaika and Pavlo Volynet.
The presentations covered topics like
- soil data and analysis
- soil works and seedbed paration
- fertilization and nutrition
- inoculation of seeds
- overview of the Moldovan soya varieties and their characteristics
- variety selection for the geographical zone
- presentation of new Canadian soybeans genotypes from Prograin Canada Inc.
The attention of the farmers was focused on seeding parameters and the best practices in Romania. Topics like plant protection – weeds, pests disease control, soybean crop economics for two different types of farming – no-till and conventional, was based on the Moldovan best practices. New topics for farmers were the Donau Soja Standards and the explanation of the Farmer’s Declaration, as well as demonstrated strip testing for GMO in soybeans. The presentation brought into discussion the topic on GMO soya in Moldova.
Training on organic soya cultivation in December
A training for farmers on organic soya cultivation was conducted on 17 December. It was organised in collaboration with Prograin Organic Moldova and MOVCA Association. The topics were presented by Dr. Toncea from Romania and Dr. Crismaru and Dr. Boincean, two local experts in organic farming, who covered all the cultivation process topics for organic soya.
The training was interactive and the participants said that they have received a lot of useful information about organic agriculture, about the legal framework for organic farming (national, European and international) and especially about soil and soil improvement. They noted that the seminar was very useful for all participants: the farmers who are in organic farming, those farmers who wants to start this activity, as well for representatives of agricultural professional schools and colleges in Moldova.
A burning discussion was on GM soya and the legislative requirements on ban of GM crops growing in Moldova. Other topics were:
- certification of seeds and other inputs for organic farming
- access to certified seeds in general in Moldova
- inspection and certification of organic soya production
- importance of soil analysis before sowing
The seminar was attended by 22 participants from different regions in Moldova where soya is already cultivated and where it is planned to be grown in 2019.
This activity was organised in the framework of the EU funded project “Increasing the competitiveness of the agri-food sector through integration to domestic and global value chains in particular in the soya sector”, implemented by ADA in partnership with Donau Soja and ProDidactica NGO in cooperation with the Ministry of Agriculture, Regional Development and Environment and Ministry of Education, Culture and Research of the Republic of Moldova.